Sunday, August 13, 2017

Chicago in History

From its ‘discovery’ in 1673 by the French explorers Father Jacques Marquette, a Jesuit missionary, and Louis Jolliet (Canadian explorer and mapmaker), Chicago developed as a bridge between the natural resources of the North American continents and the vast Atlantic market.

In the late 1770s Jean Baptiste Pointe du Sable headed north to explore the region near the shores of the Great Lakes. He was the son of French fur trader and a black Haitian. He saw potential in a swampy area that had been passed over by previous European explorers.

He stayed and built a five room house, the first permanent structure in the area. It stood in what is now downtown Chicago.
Chicago downtown
In 1782, Du Sable established a trading post that grew successfully, becoming well known all around the Great Lakes region.

When Chicago incorporated in 1833, the population was 350. The 1835 census counted 3265 people. By 1850, the population was nearly 30,000.

The movement of immigrants spurred by the first rail connection between New York and Chicago in 1853 and organized solicitation of settlers-glowing reports of Chicago opportunities.
University of Chicago
By 1890 over 79% of Chicago’s 1 million people were immigrants or children of immigrants.

In 1836, Chicagoans began building their own canal, the Illinois-Michigan canal, which allowed the city to compete with St. Louis for the Western trade.

Chicago grew to the status of a world-class city when it held the World’s Columbian Exposition in 1893.

Before the turn of the twentieth century, Chicago was the Midwestern metropolis. Its manufacturing industries continued to exploit the area’s natural resources, but service industries using transportation networks also grew rapidly.
Chicago in History

Related Posts Plugin for WordPress, Blogger...

The most popular posts